50 Facts About State Trees

Last updated on June 19th, 2022

Trees generally thrive in specific environments. In the US, for instance, certain trees are indigenous to certain states, and therefore, are designated state trees. A state tree is usually linked to the history of the named state, its uses, or how important the timber industry is to the state’s economy, as reported by the U.S. National Arboretum. For instance, the state of Delaware designated the American Holly its state tree in 1939 because at that time, Delaware was the leading exporter of holly Christmas wreaths in the US. The rapid agricultural and industrial expansion in the 1800s and early 1900s also compelled most states to adopt state trees to promote environmental conservation. States also choose their emblems depending on factors such as their natural treasures, cultural heritage, landmarks, as well as the attributes of the symbol.

Here are 50 interesting facts about state trees across the US.

1. Longleaf pine — Alabama

Of all the eastern pine tree species, the longleaf pine has the longest needle-like leaves that grow up to 18 inches long.

Young pine trees , US state tree list
Young pine trees growing in a straight line. Image via shutterstock/Jillian Cain Photography

2. Coast Redwood — California

This is among the tallest living trees in the whole world, growing up to 380 feet high and 29.2 feet wide at the trunk.

Giant Redwood trees
Giant Redwood trees in Sequoia and Kings canyon national park, California. Image via shutterstock/Asif Islam

3. Sabal Palm — Florida

Also known as the Cabbage Palm, this tree mostly grows in the coastal regions.

Silhouette of Sabal palmetto leaves
Silhouette of Sabal palmetto leaves against sunset sky. image via shutterstock/Greens and Blues

4. Red Pine — Minnesota

This tree is commonly used as the Christmas tree mainly due to its ability to retain needles for a long time.

Red Pine.
Red Pine. Image via shutterstock/kateko

5. Blue Palo Verde — Arizona

This tree has a green bark where most of the photosynthesis occurs.

Blooming Palo Verde
Blooming Palo Verde Tree In Arizona. Image via shutterstock/You Touch Pix of EuToch

6. Plains Cottonwood — Wyoming

This tree finds its name from the fact that its seeds are surrounded by cotton-like hairs.

Plains Cottonwood
Giant cottonwood tree with fall foliage. Image via shutterstock/marekuliasz

7. Southern Live Oak — Georgia

Its branches grow upward before changing the direction to grow downward, touching the ground in some instances. The branches eventually change the direction to grow upward again.

row of live oak trees
Row of live oak trees with blooming azaleas in the background. Image via shutterstock/Jessob

8. Pecan — Texas

The pecan tree has softwood that is mostly used in making floors and furniture.

Pecan tree in Texas
Texas rural view of grass field with pecan tree on background. image via shutterstock/GSPhotography

9. Pine — North Carolina

There are 100 species of pine trees, growing up to anywhere from 4 feet to 150 feet.

Pine forest grove trail view.
Pine forest grove trail view. Image via shutterstock/Kostya Zatulin

10. White Oak — Connecticut

This tree produces acorns, which were used as food by native Americans.

Oak seedling sprouting from acorn
Closeup of Oak seedling sprouting from acorn in greenhouse tray. Image via shutterstock/Dan4Earth

11. Northern Red Oak — New Jersey

Its leaves produce a beautiful russet-red to bright red colors in the fall, and its acorns are great treats for pets.

red oak
Branches of red oak with red leaves hanging from the top. Image via shutterstock/anmbph

12. Piñon Pine — New Mexico

This tree produces yellow-green needles that can remain on it for up to 8 or 9 years.

Pinyon pine tree . facts about US state trees
Pinyon pine tree on the rim of a desert canyon. Image via shutterstock/Andrew Orlemann

13. Sabal Palm — South Carolina

The trunk of this tree was used to construct the walls of the South Carolina fort in 1776.

Three Sabal palm trees
Three Sabal palm trees. Image via shutterstock/LVV

14. Sugar Maple — New York

This tree is highly adaptable, and therefore, it can grow in most parts of the U.S., except the southern Pacific Coast and the Gulf Coast.

Sugar maple leaves in autumn
Sugar maple leaves in autumn. Image via shutterstock/Zamada

15. Western Hemlock — Washington

Due to its high tannin content, Native Americans used the bark of this tree as a cleansing solution and tanning agent.

Western Hemlock trees, facts about US state trees
Western Hemlock trees line the road into the Hoh Rainforest, part of Olympic National Park on the peninsula of western Washington state, United States. Image via shutterstock/Abbie Warnock-Matthews

16. Sitka Spruce — Alaska

This is the third tallest conifer species in the world, and can grow up to 300 feet tall.

Alaska - Sitka Spruce
Sitka Spruce on Coast. Image via shutterstock/C S Perry Jr

17. Colorado Blue Spruce — Colorado

This tree was discovered in 1862 on top of Pike Peak in Colorado, and was named by C.C. Parry, a botanist, due to its silver-blue color.

Colorado blue spruce tree
Beautiful young Colorado blue spruce growing on plantation. Image via shutterstock/barmalini

18. Bur Oak — Iowa

Of all the oaks, this tree is the most resistant to fire and drought, and cold. It also grows faster and lives longer than other oak species.

A large bur oak tree on nice spring day
View of rural road with large bur oak tree on nice spring day. Image via shutterstock/LanaG

19. Ohio Buckeye — Ohio

This tree produces nuts that resemble the color and shape of deer’s eyes, and that’s why it’s called Buckeye.

Ohio tree with Buckeyes on it
Ohio tree with Buckeyes on it. Image via shutterstock/Denise Ann

20. White Oak — Illinois

This is the tallest among the oak species, and it grows up to 150 feet.

A field on which grows one beautiful tall oak tree
A field on which grows one beautiful tall oak tree. Image via shutterstock/Soloveva Kseniia

21. Tulip Tree — Indiana

The flowers of this tree resemble tulips, and that’s where its name originates.

Low-Key Tulip Poplar Flower and Leaves
Low-Key Tulip Poplar Flower and Leaves. Image via shutterstock/Lee Reese

22. Eastern Cottonwood — Kansas

While the bark of this tree is usually used as food for horses, humans can also include its sweet sprouts and inner bark in their diets.

Early summer eastern cottonwood tree
Early summer eastern cottonwood tree or leaves and seed capsules against blue sky. Image via shutterstock/Merrimon Crawford

23. Tulip Tree — Kentucky

One of the unique characteristics of the Tulip tree is that it has a straight bark.

American Tulip Tree.
American Tulip Tree. Image via shutterstock/COULANGES

24. White Oak — Maryland

Although many pests attack the White Oak, wood borers cause the most economic damage since they invade the lumber and cause defects when the tree is still standing.

 White Oak tree
Garry Oak, also know as Oregon White Oak tree in Central Oregon near Dufur. Image via shutterstock/Dee Browning

25. Southern Magnolia — Mississippi

The scent produced by one Southern Magnolia is strong enough to perfume a whole garden.

Magnolia grandiflora (Southern magnolia)
Magnolia grandiflora (Southern magnolia). Image via shutterstock/Vahan Abrahamyan
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