31 Interesting Facts About Wisconsin

Last updated on October 14th, 2019

Wisconsin is the 20th most populous and the 23rd most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It is located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. The state attained statehood on May 29, 1848, becoming the 30th state to join the union. Its four bordering states are Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, and Minnesota. See the complete list of the 50 states and their borders here. Wisconsin (nicknamed: America’s Dairyland, Badger State, Cheese State) has 72 counties. The state’s capital is Madison. The postal abbreviation for Wisconsin is WI. With these facts about Wisconsin, let us learn about its history, geography, economy, people, culture, wildlife and more. 

1. Known as the Marathon County, Wisconsin produces the entire ginseng grown in the United States, which accounts for roughly 10% of the world’s supply. The State even holds an international festival every September where people get a chance to look at the process more closely and sample drinks and foods that contain the product.[1]

2. The state symbol of Wisconsin, the badger, does not refer to the animal as most people think. Rather, it refers to the lead miners of the 1820s who traveled for work and even dug tunnels to find somewhere to sleep and stay warm—in the same way as a badger. The UW-Madison Wisconsin Badgers is marked to celebrate the game day. It’s the mascot of the state’s biggest university as well.[2]

Wisconsin on the map with other 48 contiguous states
Wisconsin (in red) with other bordering states.

3. Wisconsin prohibited the sale and use of margarine starting from 1895 to 1967. Although the ban has since been lifted, there are still some restrictions that remain on margarine. Today, it is still illegal for restaurants to serve their customers margarine in place of butter unless the customer requests for it.[3]

4. The Wisconsin River is said to be the name behind the state’s name. The river used to be referred to as Meskousing by the aboriginal Algonquian-speaking tribes. Jacques Marquette, a French explorer, first recorded the name in 1673. With time, the word turned into Ouisconsin, Wiskonsan before it finally took the current spelling and pronunciation forms. Linguists suspect the original name could have been taken from a Miami word “meskonsing” which loosely translates to “this river meanders through something red” or “it lies red. This likely refers to the sandstone formations found in the river.[15]

5. The largest wooly mammal to have ever been excavated was discovered in Kenosha. Today Milwaukee Public Museum has a replica of this which you can watch at any time.[11]

6. There are no tall physical features in Wisconsin. The fact that the highest natural point in the state is a hill and not a mountain says a lot about it. Timm’s Hill has a height of 1,951 feet. Because Wisconsin has mostly glaciated terrain, it doesn’t boast many craggy peaks. To make up for leveling the landscape, glaciations have left behind some of the most breathtaking valleys, prairies, fertile farm fields, and rolling hills. Timm’s Hill can be found on Highway 13 close to Ogema. Entry is free for all.[9]

7. Wisconsin leads the nation. Famed for her dairy production, Wisconsin is the no.1 exporter of cranberries, sweet corn, ginseng, and second-largest exporter of whey in the United States.[17]

8. Wisconsin is undisputed America’s Dairyland. It is the no.1 producer of cheese in the US, and ranks second in terms of the best milk producers. 90% of milk originating from Wisconsin is used for making cheese. Wisconsin boasts the largest dairy cattle per square kilometer than any other state. Unsurprisingly, Wisconsin is the only American state offering a Master Cheesemaker program.[13,4]

Wisconsin on the map

9. Madison was not the original capital of the state. Rather, the original was Belmont. It was founded in 1836 at the time that Wisconsin wasn’t a state yet but a territory. There is a historic park to the western side of Belmont Mound State Park where you can see a lodging house and Council House for the legislators at that time.

10. Green Bay is Wisconsin’s oldest city. Most people think it is Milwaukee or Madison but clearly neither of these is. Green Bay can be traced to a French explorer by the name of Jean Nicolet who began a small trading shop way back in 1634.[8]

11. Oshkosh, a small town found on Lake Winnebago to the Northwest of Milwaukee, is prominent for two things: the first is its popular line of children’s clothing, and secondly, the integral place it occupies on the world’s air show circuit. EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, which is the largest meeting of aviators in the world, has, since 1970, been held right here every summer. During the event, which takes one week, the Oshkosh control tower is the busiest on earth as close to 15,000 aircrafts land at the airport, plus approximately 500,000 visitors. All of these come here to get a glimpse of the thrilling aerobatic displays and flybys from contemporary and vintage military aircraft.[7]

12. The Wisconsin Dells boasts the most number of water parks in a single area in the whole world.[19]

13. Wisconsin has more than 15,000 lakes and 13,500 miles (21,700 kilometers) of navigable streams and rivers. Almost 3 percent of Wisconsin’s area—nearly a million acres (405,000 hectares)—is lakes.[6]

14. The Milwaukee Art Museum, abbreviated as MAM, contains close to 30,000 works of art, and is among the largest museums to be found in the US. It used to be partially housed in a structure designed by Eero Saarinen in 1957 as a war memorial. Right from the start, the 2 lower floors were designated for art gallery use. The museum sees more than 400,000 visitors a year.[10]

15. The widely celebrated House on the Rock, located between Spring Green and Dodgeville cities, is a tourist attraction that was opened in 1959. It consists of architecturally discrete rooms, gardens, shops, and streets, and was designed by Jordan Alex Jr. it sits atop Deer Shelter Rock, which is a rock column approximately 18x21x61(meters).

16. The electric guitar you see today is popular, thanks to Les Paul, a Wisconsinite. Paul’s exploits and contributions in guitar playing were to earn him a nickname of Wizard of Waukesha. His legacy continues to live on especially with contemporary interpretations of Gibson Les Paul. More companies have followed the fray with Les Paul’s replicas paying homage to the signature design of this guitar maestro.[18]

17. William Harley and the Davidson brothers (Walter and Arthur) build their first motorcycle in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[29]

18. In 1882 the first hydroelectric plant in the world was built at Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin. China, Brazil, Canada, the United States, and Russia are the five largest producers of hydropower.[28]

19. Some of the most popular attractions of Wisconsin are the buildings that were designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. This was a native of Wisconsin and one of its most ever prominent citizens.[5]

20. The largest experimental aviation event in the world is the EAA Fly-In at Oshkosh.[30]

21. Wisconsin was acquired from France by the US 

The French came to Wisconsin and conquered the fur trade. They used to take beaver furs to Europe where they were in high demand. They controlled Wisconsin until 1783 during the Treaty of Paris. Virginia and Massachusetts originally claimed Wisconsin before becoming an independent state.[16]

22. Gave Birth to the Republican Party

It was in Ripon, Wisconsin that the Republican Party was founded. The idea of the party was conceived during a meeting held at the Little White Schoolhouse on March 20, 1854. The main reason for forming the party was to fight slavery.[12]

23. Produced the first-ever Ice Cream Sundae

In the 1800s, Ed Bermers was the proprietor of a soda fountain shop in Two Rivers, Wisconsin. At the time, serving soda on Sunday was illegal for religious reasons. A customer by the name George Hallauer came to the shop one Sunday. He wanted a dish of ice cream. He asked to try the sauce on top used for ice cream sodas. That was the birth of the first ice cream sundae, and it cost just a nickel. Today, you can visit the Washington House of Museum located in Two Rivers for an imitation of Bremer’s ice cream.[26]

24. Rope Jump Capital of the World

In 1960, Wally Mohrman invented the rope jump. He was thinking of a winter activity that kids could play. He designed it in a way that kids from grade I to middle school would contend to see who managed to jump a rope most in 10 seconds. It was after this that rope jumping gained world fame. Subsequently, Bloomer got the name of the world’s Rope Jumping Capital.[14]

25. The First-Ever Kindergarten in the US

Margarethe Schurz, the wife to Carl Schurz, a celebrated German-American statesman, started the first Kindergarten in America. Mrs. Schurz, a German native, learnt about the kindergarten principles from Friedrich Froebel, a fellow German, who created it. In 1856 when the couple moved to Watertown, Wisconsin, she started a kindergarten class in their abode. It later became an integral part of the American public school system.[27]

26. Tons of effigy mounds

Effigy mounds are a common sight in Wisconsin. These raised earth piles were built in the shape of a symbol, animal or other figures. Although Native Americans built them throughout the country, it’s in Wisconsin that they are most common.[20]

27. First Successful Typewriter

Just like what happens with most other inventions, it took the effort of many people to create the typewriter. It is estimated that there were 52 designs before the modern typewriter was arrived at. The first commercially viable typewriter was created in 1868, and at the heart of it was a Wisconsinite named Christopher Latham Sholes. A newspaper printer and editor, Christopher Latham invented the QWERTY keyboard that’s used to date in computers and phones. Therefore, a standard on how we type today was created by a Wisconsinite.[21,22]

28. A Hideaway for many gangsters

Wisconsin isn’t just known for all the nice things. It also has a history of gangsters. They used to like Waukesha County a lot, specifically Oconomowoc. Some notable members included John Dillinger, Al Capone, Baby Face Nelson, and Bugs Moran.[25]

29. Milwaukee hosts the largest music festival in the world

The Summerfest, held in Milwaukee, attracts some 1 million visitors every year. This made the event to be recognized in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest music festival in the world.[23]

30. The first workman’s compensation

While Wisconsin created the first workman’s compensation and unemployment insurance programs, they’ve been more recently associated with the welfare reform movement.[24]

31. Rare white Buffalo

On August 20, 1994, a white buffalo calf called Miracle was born on a farm in Janesville, Wisconsin. She is believed to be the first white buffalo calf born since 1933.[31]

Wisconsin – Quick facts and state symbols

State AbbreviationWI
Table last updated10th Sep , 2019
State CapitalMadison
Largest CityMilwaukee
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 65,498 sq miles; Land Only: 54,310 sq miles
(Estimate July 1, 2017 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodMay 29, 1848
State rank by population20th
State rank by date of formation30th
State rank by area23rd
Number of Counties72
Bordering StatesIllinois, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota
Official LanguageNone
Highest PointTimms Hill
1,951 ft (595 m)
Lowest pointLake Michigan
579 ft (176 m)
Length 311 miles (500 km)
Width260 miles (420 km)
GovernorTony Evers (D)
Electoral Votes10
State MottoForward
State NicknameBadger State
% Water17
Nobel Prize WinnersJohn Bardeen (Physics, 1972)
Herbert Simon (Economic Sciences, 1978)
Thomas A. Steitz (Chemistry, 2009)
Oliver E. Williamson (Economic Sciences, 2009)
David J. Wineland (Physics, 2012)
William P. Murphy (Physiology or Medicine, 1934)
Herbert S. Gasser (Physiology or Medicine, 1944)
John Bardeen (Physics, 1956)
Famous peopleMike Webster (Pro Football player)
Bud Selig (Baseball player)
Christian Steinmetz (Baskerball player)
Mark Ruffalo (Actor)
Skylar Grey
State FossilTrilobite
State Flag

The flag of Wisconsin

State seal

Seal of Wisconsin.svg

State coat of arms

Coat of arms of Wisconsin.svg

State quarter

Wisconsin quarter


Wildlife animalWhite-tailed deer

White-tailed deer.jpg

State fishMuskellunge

Muskellunge USFWS.jpg

State DogAmerican Water Spaniel

American Water Spaniel 2.JPG

State BirdAmerica robin




Domestic animalDairy cow

Guernsey cow or calf lying on the ground, ca 1941-42.jpg


Red granite, the state rock of Wisconsin

State FlowerWood Violet

State Insect
Western honey bee

Honeybee landing on milkthistle02.jpg

State TreeSugar maple

Acer saccharum.jpg

Longitude86° 46′ W to 92° 54′ W
Latitude42° 30' N to 47° 05′ N
Time ZoneCentral Time Zone
Area Codes262, 274, 414, 534, 608, 715, 920