Last updated on September 16th, 2019
Arizona is the 14th most populous and the 6th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It lies in the southwestern region of the United States. The state attained statehood on February 14, 1912, becoming the 48th state to join the union. Its five (5) bordering states are Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, California, Colorado. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Arizona (nicknamed: the Copper State) has 15 counties. The state’s capital is Phoenix. With these facts about Arizona, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more.
1. Arizona is one of the four corner states. Other three being New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. It means that you can be in all four states at the same time when you are at the four corners (where the boundaries of four states meet, the point is marked by the Four Corners Monument).[1,20]
2. Arizona joined the union as the 48th state and hence it is the last of the contiguous states to do so.
Flag of Arizona
3. Arizona attained statehood on 14th February which coincides with Valentine’s Day.
5. Did you know that NASA astronauts trained in “Meteor Crater” which is a 50,000-year-old crater to prepare for missions on the moon? The crater is nearly 3/4 of a mile across! Astronauts trained for Apollo missions on this crater. It was created 50,000 years ago by a nickel-iron meteorite.
Arizona on the map
6. Arizona is famous the world over for the Grand Canyon, which is over a mile deep, 227 miles long and up to 18 miles wide.
7. More than 50% of the state lies at an elevation of more than 4,000 feet above sea level.
8. Humphreys Peak at 12,633 feet is the highest point in Arizona.
9. Arizona is the largest copper producing state in the Union. This fact is also made evident with the usage of a copper star on the flag of the state. Representing the thirteen original colonies, the flag consists of 13 alternating red and yellow rays.
10. One of the most primitive rattlesnakes found in the country – the Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake – is the official state reptile of Arizona. The state has 13 species of rattlesnakes (sometimes called “buzzworms” because of the buzzing sound of their rattles), which is more than any other state.[5,18]
11. Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, is the most populous state capital in the United States. It is also the only state capital with a population of more than a million. The city was founded in 1867 by Jack Swilling.
12. Did you know that the blind adventurers Lonnie Bedwell and Erik Weihenmayer completed a 21-day 277-mile kayak trip through the Grand Canyon on September 28, 2014? A tremendous amount of practice was done by the duo to accomplish the nearly impossible task.
13. The other popular nickname of the state: The Grand Canyon State.
14. Phoenix, Arizona is the hottest city in the U.S.
15. Phoenix, Arizona ranks consistently number one for the most days a year when the temperature rises above 89 degrees Fahrenheit or 99 degrees Fahrenheit. The city sees sunshine more than 105 days a year when the temperature is above 99 degrees Fahrenheit.
16. The largest Native American Reservation – the Navajo Nation — is found in Arizona. It reserves an area of 17,544,500 acres.
The State Quarter
17. Arizona is also home to the best-preserved crater on Earth – the Barringer Crater. It has a diameter of about 1,200 meters and a depth of 170 meters. It is estimated that the crater is 50 thousand years old.
18. The Cotton State also has the largest aperture solar telescope located at the Kitts Peak National Observatory.
19. The largest reservoir in the U.S. – Lake Mead – was created after the completion of the Hoover Dam on May 29, 1935. The reservoir stretches 112 miles long with a total capacity of 28,255,000 acre-feet, a shoreline of 759 miles, and a maximum depth of 532 feet.
20. Located at the bottom of the Grand Canyon, is the village of Supai, the only place in the country where mail is delivered by mule. The U.S. Department of Agriculture referred it to as “the most remote community” in the contiguous U.S. As of 2010, there were 208 people living in the village.
21. Arizona (except the Navajo Nation) and Hawaii do not observe Daylight Saving Time.
22. Arizona also has the deepest dam in the world – the Parker Dam. The dam is 320 feet high of which 235 feet are below the riverbed.
23. The state is home to the two largest man-made lakes in the United States – Lake Mead (largest) and Lake Powell (second largest).
24. Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh at Lowell Observatory at Flagstaff on February 18, 1930.
25. The amount of copper in the state Capitol Building Arizona is equivalent to 4.8 million pennies.
26. The state, among all other states, has the highest percentage of land set aside and designated as Indian land.
27. Cutting down a cactus in Arizona is a punishable offense and the maximum term in jail for the act could be 25 years. The saguaro cactus which is prevalent in Arizona takes a long time to grow. The lifespan of the plant is between 150 and 200 years and the plant can grow up to 50 feet tall. Thus, the authorities are aggressive about protecting the habitat.
28. Copper was discovered in Arizona is 1854.
29. The Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona sees 5 million visitors every year.
30. Because of the ability to view stars away from city lights and pollution, Tuscan, Arizona is called the Astronomy Capital of the World.
31. The Gila monster lives In Arizona desert. Gila monsters are the largest lizards native to the United States. They get their name from Arizona’s Gila River basin, where they were first discovered. A drug for the management of Type 2 diabetes is based on a protein from Gila monster saliva. The drug has the nickname “lizard spit,” according to the San Diego Zoo. [26,27]
32. Arizona is the first of the three states with official state neckwear: the bola tie. The other two states that have the same official neckwear are New Mexico and Texas.
Arizona – Quick Facts and State Symbols
|Note||Click on the previous/next link below to see more table entries.|
|State Size||Total (Land + Water): 113,998 sq miles; Land Only: 113,635 sq miles|
|Geographic center||Yavapai, 55 miles ESE of Prescott|
(Estimate July 1, 2018 from United States Census Bureau)
|Statehood||February 14, 1912|
|State rank by population||14th|
|State rank by date of formation||48th|
|State rank by area||6th|
|Number of Counties||15
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
|Bordering States||California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah|
|Highest Point||Humphreys Peak
12,637 ft (3852 m)
|Lowest point||Colorado River at the Sonora border
72 ft (22 m)
|Mean elevation||4,100 feet above sea level|
|Length||400 miles (645 km)|
|Width||310 miles (500 km)|
|National Parks||Grand Canyon National Park
Petrified Forest National Park
Saguaro National Park
|Governor||Doug Ducey (R)|
|Secretary of State||Katie Hobbs (D)|
|State Motto||Ditat Deus (God enriches)|
|State Nickname||The Grand Canyon State|
|Nobel Prize Winners||Roy J. Glauber (Nobel Prize in Physics 2005)
Nicolaas Bloembergen (Nobel Prize in Physics 1981)
Willis E. Lamb, Jr. (Nobel Prize in Physics 1955)
|Famous People||Curley Culp (Pro Football Player)
Wes Bentley (Actor)
Jordin Sparks (Singer)
|State Fish||Apache Trout|
|State Bird||Cactus Wren
|State Reptile||Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
|State Flower||Saguaro Cactus Blossom
|State Fossil||Petrified wood
|State Butterfly||Two-tailed Swallowtail Butterfly
|State Tree||Blue Palo Verde
|State Firearm||Colt Single Action Army Revolver
|State Amphibian||Arizona tree frog
|Longitude||109° 03′ W to 114° 49′ W|
|Latitude||31° 20′ N to 37° N|
|Time Zone||Mountain Time Zone|
|Area Codes||480, 520, 602, 623, 928|
|Table last updated||May 14, 2019|