26 Informative Facts About Arizona, Arizona State Symbols

Last updated on December 22nd, 2018

Arizona is the 14th most populous and the 6th most extensive of the United States. It lies in the southwestern region of the United States. The state attained statehood on February 14, 1912, becoming the 48th state to join the union. It has five (5) bordering states including Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, California, ColoradoSee the full list of states and their borders here. Arizona (nicknamed: The Copper State) has 15 counties. The state’s capital is Phoenix. With these facts about Arizona, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more.

1. Arizona is one of the four corner states. Other three being New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. It means that you can be in all four states at the same time when you are at the four corner (where the boundaries of four states meet, the point is marked by the Four Corners Monument).[1,20]

2. Arizona joined the union as the 48th state and hence it is the last of the contiguous states to do so.[1]

Flag of Arizona

Flag of Arizona

3. Arizona attained statehood on 14th February which coincides with Valentine’s Day.[1]

4. Arizona, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico and California were a part of Mexico in some point in history. Arizona became a part of the U.S. after the country won the American-Mexican war in 1848.[2]

Arizona on the map

5. Arizona is famous the world over for the Grand Canyon, which is over a mile deep, 227 miles long and up to 18 miles wide.[3]

6. More than 50% of the state lies at an elevation of more than 4,000 feet above sea level.[4]

7. Humphreys Peak at 12,633 feet is the highest point in Arizona.[4]

8. Arizona is the largest copper producing state in the Union. This fact is also made evident with the usage of a copper star on the flag of the state. Representing the thirteen original colonies, the flag consists of 13 alternating red and yellow rays.[5]

9. One of the most primitive rattlesnakes found in the country – the Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake – is the official state reptile of Arizona. The state has 13 species of rattlesnakes (sometimes called “buzzworms” because of the buzzing sound of their rattles), which is more than any other state.[5,18]

The Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake.
The Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake. Image via – Flickr

10. Phoenix, the capital of Arizona, is the most populous state capital in the United States. It is also the only state capital with a population of more than a million. The city was founded in 1867 by Jack Swilling.[6]

11. The other popular nickname of the state: The Grand Canyon State.

12. Phoenix, Arizona is the hottest city in the U.S.[21]

13. Phoenix, Arizona ranks consistently number one for the most days a year when the temperature rises above 89 degrees Fahrenheit or 99 degrees Fahrenheit. The city sees sunshine more than 105 days a year when the temperature is above 99 degrees Fahrenheit.[7]

14. The largest Native American Reservation – the Navajo Nation — is found in Arizona. It reserves an area of 17,544,500 acres.[8]

State Quarter

Arizona state quarter. Arizona fact file

15. Arizona is also home to the best-preserved crater on Earth – the Barringer Crater. It has a diameter of about 1,200 meters and a depth of 170 meters. It is estimated that the crater is 50 thousand years old.[9]

16. The Cotton State also has the largest aperture solar telescope located at the Kitts Peak National Observatory.[10]

17. Located at the bottom of the Grand Canyon, is the village of Supai, the only place in the country where mail is delivered by mule. The U.S. Department of Agriculture referred it to as “the most remote community” in the contiguous U.S. As of 2010, there were 208 people living in the village.[11]

Supai, Arizona.
The village of Supai, the only place in the country where mail is delivered by mule. Image via – Flickr

18. Arizona (except the Navajo Nation) and Hawaii do not observe Daylight Saving Time.[12]

19. Arizona also has the deepest dam in the world – the Parker Dam. The dam is 320 feet high of which 235 feet are below the riverbed.[13]

20. The state is home to the two largest man-made lakes in the United States – Lake Mead (largest) and Lake Powell (second largest).[14]

21. Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh at Lowell Observatory at Flagstaff on February 18, 1930.[15]

22. The amount of copper in the state Capitol Building Arizona is equivalent to 4.8 million pennies.[16]

23. The state, among all other states, has the highest percentage of land set aside and designated as Indian land.[1]

24. Cutting down a cactus in Arizona is a punishable offense and the maximum term in jail for the act could be 25 years. The saguaro cactus which is prevalent in Arizona takes a long time to grow. The lifespan of the plant is between 150 and 200 years and the plant can grow up to 50 feet tall. Thus, the authorities are aggressive about protecting the habitat.[17]

Cactus in Arizona
A cactus in Arizona. Image via – Flickr

25. Copper was discovered in Arizona is 1854.[19]

26. The Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona sees 5 million visitors every year.[19]

Arizona – Quick Facts and State Symbols

State AbbreviationAZ
NoteClick on the previous/next link below to see more table entries.
State CapitalPhoenix
Largest CityPhoenix
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 113,998 sq miles; Land Only: 113,635 sq miles
Geographic centerYavapai, 55 miles ESE of Prescott
(Estimate July 1, 2017 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodFebruary 14, 1912
State rank by population14th
State rank by date of formation48th
State rank by area6th
Number of Counties15
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
Bordering StatesCalifornia, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
Official LanguageEnglish
Highest PointHumphreys Peak
12,637 ft (3852 m)
Lowest pointColorado River at the Sonora border
72 ft (22 m)
Length 400 miles (645 km)
Width310 miles (500 km)
National ParksGrand Canyon National Park
Petrified Forest National Park
Saguaro National Park
GovernorDoug Ducey
Electoral Votes11
State MottoDitat Deus (God enriches)
State NicknameThe Grand Canyon State
% Water0.35
Nobel Prize WinnersRoy J. Glauber (Nobel Prize in Physics 2005)
Nicolaas Bloembergen (Nobel Prize in Physics 1981)
Willis E. Lamb, Jr. (Nobel Prize in Physics 1955)
Famous PeopleCurley Culp (Pro Football Player)
Wes Bentley (Actor)
Jordin Sparks (Singer)
State FishApache Trout
State Flag

Arizona flag

State seal


State quarter

Arizona quarter

State BirdCactus Wren

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus 20061226.jpg

State GemstoneTurquoise


State ReptileArizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake

Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake

Endemic mammalRingtail

Ringtail  (Bassariscus astutus) in Northern CA (3)
State FlowerSaguaro Cactus Blossom

Saguaro Flowers
State FossilPetrified wood


State ButterflyTwo-tailed Swallowtail Butterfly

Papilio multicaudata.jpg

State TreeBlue Palo Verde

Cercidium floridum whole.jpg

State FirearmColt Single Action Army Revolver


State AmphibianArizona tree frog

Hyla eximia.jpg

Longitude109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W
Latitude31°  20′ N to 37° N
Time ZoneMountain Time Zone
Area Codes480, 520, 602, 623, 928
Data SourceCIA, Wikipedia, 1KeyData.com
Table last updated6 April , 2018