55 Interesting Facts About Arizona

Last updated on July 20th, 2021

Arizona – Quick Facts and State Symbols

State AbbreviationAZ
State CapitalPhoenix
Largest CityPhoenix
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 113,998 sq miles; Land Only: 113,635 sq miles
Geographic centerYavapai, 55 miles ESE of Prescott
(Estimate July 1, 2018 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodFebruary 14, 1912
State rank by population14th
State rank by date of formation48th
State rank by area6th
Number of Counties15
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
Bordering StatesCalifornia, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
Official LanguageEnglish
Highest PointHumphreys Peak
12,637 ft (3852 m)
Lowest pointColorado River at the Sonora border
72 ft (22 m)
Mean elevation4,100 feet above sea level
Length400 miles (645 km)
Width310 miles (500 km)
National ParksGrand Canyon National Park
Petrified Forest National Park
Saguaro National Park
GovernorDoug Ducey (R)
Secretary of StateKatie Hobbs (D)
Electoral Votes11
State MottoDitat Deus (God enriches)
State NicknameThe Grand Canyon State
% Water0.35
Nobel Prize WinnersRoy J. Glauber (Nobel Prize in Physics 2005)
Nicolaas Bloembergen (Nobel Prize in Physics 1981)
Willis E. Lamb, Jr. (Nobel Prize in Physics 1955)
Famous PeopleCurley Culp (Pro Football Player)
Wes Bentley (Actor)
Jordin Sparks (Singer)
State FishApache Trout
State BirdCactus Wren
State GemstoneTurquoise
State ReptileArizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
Endemic mammalRingtail
State FlowerSaguaro Cactus Blossom
State FossilPetrified wood
State ButterflyTwo-tailed Swallowtail Butterfly
State TreeBlue Palo Verde
State FirearmColt Single Action Army Revolver
State AmphibianArizona tree frog
Longitude109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W
Latitude31°  20′ N to 37° N
Time ZoneMountain Time Zone
Area Codes480, 520, 602, 623, 928
Table last updatedJune 8, 2020