Last updated on May 17th, 2018
Texas is the 2nd most populous and the 2nd most extensive of the United States. It lies in the Northwestern United States. Texas attained statehood on December 29, 1845, becoming the 28th state to join the union. It has four (4) bordering states that include New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. See the full list of states and their borders here. Texas (nicknamed: The Lone Star State) has 254 counties. The state’s capital is Austin. With these facts about Texas, let us uncover some more information about its history, geography, economy, people and more.
1. Before the settlement of the Europeans in Texas, the land was home to Indians of Texas (Native American Tribes).
2. Sam Houston was the first president of the Texas Republic. Sam Houston statue is the largest statue in America that is modeled after a real person. It is 67 feet tall. It was erected in 1994 with 30 tons of concrete and steel.
3. The Texas State Fair is the largest in the U.S. It is estimated that almost 3.5 million people attended the fair in 2015.
4. Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of John F Kennedy (the 35th President of the United States, shot dead on 22 November 1963) was arrested in Texas Theater in Texas. 
5. The Texas State Capitol Building is taller than the nation’s Capitol building and is the sixth tallest state capitol.
6. Texas has the second highest number of professional sports teams. The only state that beats Texas in this regards is California.
7. The highest national speed limit is observed in Texas on a stretch between San Antonia and Austin. Here it is allowed to drive up to 85 miles per hour.
8. The Texas Rangers is the oldest statewide law enforcement agency in the U.S. it was established in 1823.
9. Texas (695,662 km²) is about twice the size of Germany (357,376 km²).
10. There are more than 1.5 million undocumented immigrants in Texas.
11. The ballon-expendable stent that is used to unclog the blocked vascular vessels during coronary surgery was invented by Julio Palmaz at the University of Texas Health Science Center. The patent for the stent was awarded in 1985 and it was recognized as one of the “Ten patents that changed the world”.
12. Dr Pepper Snapple Group is the oldest soft drink manufacturer in the U.S. The soft drink was invented by Charles Alderton in 1885. Dr Pepper is one of the top three soft drinks in the U.S. Coca-Cola was introduced in the market in 1886.
13. In 1827, Seven Eleven opened its first chain in Dallas, Texas. It is also the first convenience store in the U.S. The chain was known as Tote’m Stores until it was renamed in 1946.
14. Frozen Margarita was invented in Texas by Mariano Martinez in 1971.
15. Two doctors namely Frank Gerow and Thomas Cronin are credited with the invention of breast implants. In 1962, the first of these implants were done on a women called Timmie Jean Lindsay.
16. The Highland Park Village in Texas is the first planned shopping centre in the U.S. It was constructed in 1931.
17. Texas is the second most populous (after California) and second largest state in the U.S., after Alaska.
18. The name Texas has originated from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
19. Less than 10% of Texas’ land area is desert.
20. Texas in the earlier times was ruled by several nations including Spain, France and Mexico.
21. Texas is the 28th state to join in the U.S. union.
22. Prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil were the four industries that shaped the state’s economy.
23. It is also a hot spot for the second largest group of fortune 500 companies in the U.S.
24. Rio Grande is the largest river in Texas.
25. Rocks as old as 1600 million year old have been recognized in Texas.
26. Texas has the largest state capitol building and the highest speed limit of any state (check stats here) 
27. The famous phrase “Don’t mess with Texas” was coined by an advertising agency that was made responsible with the task to help the state with its anti-litter campaign. In 1980s Texas spent a whopping $20 million a year on cleaning up trash along its highways. The slogan became popular and is since then an unofficial slogan for Texas pride.
28. Austin, Texas was named after Stephen Austin, who established the state’s first American colony. Texas is named after the Indian word “Tejas” meaning “fiends” or “allies”.
29. The state’s nickname the “Lone Star State” comes from the fact that it was once an independent country with its own single star flag.
30. Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous states of the U.S. and the second largest overall, behind Alaska.
31. Texas is the leading producer of oil, natural gas and sulfur in the country.
32. Two of the United States presidents were born in Texas. Lyndon Johnson and Dwight Eisenhower.
33. From north to south the state extends approximately 1600 kilometers and the same distance from east to west.
34. Texas is generally divided into East and West. The eastern part of the state is known for cotton while the western part of the state is characterized by cattle ranching.
35. The Astrodome, is the world’s first multi-purpose, domed sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas. It was opened on April 9, 1965.
36. Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda was the first European to visit Texas in 1915.
37. Between 1836 and 1845 Texas was an independent nation. It is the only state to enter the United States by treat instead of territorial annexation.
38. Six flags have flown over Texas (British, French, Mexican, Texan, United States, and Confederate).
39. George W. Bush the ex-president of the United States of America (between 2001 and 2009), was the governor of Texas for two terms.
40. Texas has more species of birds than any other state, which includes screech owls and hummingbirds.
41. Texas has more cattle than any other state in the country.
42. Texas also has one of the world’s largest wind-power-producing farms.
43. With approximately 1.5 million Mexican free-tail bats, the Congress Avenue Bridge, in downtown Austin, is home to one of the largest urban bat colony in North America. Every night from mid-March to November, the bats come out from under the bridge at dusk to blanket the sky as they head out to forage for food.
44. There were nearly 297,000 oils well in Texas as of February 2018.
Texas – quick facts and state symbols
List Of U.S. States And Their Capital
|State Size||Total (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles|
(Estimate July 1, 2017 from United States Census Bureau)
|Statehood||December 29, 1845|
|State rank by population||2nd|
|State rank by date of fomation||28th|
|State rank by area||2nd|
|Number of Counties||254|
|Demonym||Texan, Texian, Tejano|
|Bordering States||Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma|
|Official Language||No Official|
|Religion||Christian - 77%|
Unaffiliated - 18%
Nothing in particular - 13%
|Highest Point||Guadalupe Peak|
8,751 ft (2667.4 m)
|Lowest point||Gulf of Mexico|
|Length||790 miles (1,270 km)|
|Width||773 miles (1,244 km)|
|National Parks||Big Bend National Park |
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
|Governor||Greg Abbott (R)|
|State Nickname||Lone Star State|
|Nobel Prize Winners||Robert Woodrow Wilson (Physics, 1978)|
Bruce Merrifield (Chemistry, 1984)
E. Donnall Thomas (Physiology or Medicine, 1990)
Robert F. Curl Jr. (Chemistry, 1996)
|Famous People||Thurman Thomas (Football player),|
Lyndon B. Johnson (36th President),
Greg Maddux (Pitcher. Inducted in 2014),
Sheryl Swoopes (Guard. Inducted in 2016),
Brian Leetch (Hockey player),
Robin Wright (Actress),
|State Folk Dance||Square dance|
|State Domino Game||42|
|State Flower Song||"Bluebonnets"|
|State Song||"Texas, Our Texas"|
|State Music||Western Swing|
|State Epic Poem||Legend of Old Stone Ranch|
|State Rodeo Drill Team||Ghostriders|
|State Dinosaur||Paluxysaurus jonesi|
|State Bluebonnet Festival||Cappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival|
|State Fish||Guadalupe bass|
|State soil||Houston Black|
|State Flag||The Lone Star Flag|
|State seal||Seal of Texas|
|State coat of arms||Coat of arms of Texas|
|State Gemstone cut||Lone star cut|
|State Flying Mammal||Mexican free-tailed bat|
|State Large Mammal||Longhorn|
|State Small Mammal||Armadillo|
|State Insect||Monarch butterfly|
|State Grass||Sideoats grama|
|State Reptile||Texas horned lizard|
|State Tall Ship||Elissa|
|State Amphibian||Texas toad|
|State Fruit||Texas red grapefruit|
|State Health Nut||Pecan|
|State Bluebonnet City||Ennis |
|State Cobbler||Peach cobbler|
|State Cooking Implement||Cast iron Dutch oven|
|State Crustacean||Texas Gulf shrimp|
|State dog||Blue Lacy|
|State Fiber and Fabric||Cotton|
|State Footwear||Cowboy boot|
|State Hat||Cowboy hat|
|State Horse||American quarter horse|
|State Native Pepper||Chiltepin|
|State Native Shrub||Texas purple sage|
|State Pie||Pecan pie|
|State Plant||Prickly pear cactus|
|State Pollinator||Western honey bee|
|State Precious Metal||Silver|
|State Sea Turtle||Kemp's ridley sea turtle|
|State Shell||Lightning whelk|
|State Ship||U.S.S. Texas|
|State Shrub||Crape myrtle|
|State Stone||Petrified palmwood|
|State Vehicle||Chuck wagon|
|State Waterlily||Nymphaea Texas dawn|
|State tartan||Texas Bluebonnet Tartan|
|Longitude||93° 31′ W to 106° 39′ W|
|Latitude||25° 50′ N to 36° 30′ N|
|Time Zone||Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone|
|Area Codes||210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979|
|Data Source||Wikipedia, 1KeyData.com|
|Table last updated||April 07, 2018|
- Bill O’Neill. The great book of Texas. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (March 5, 2018)