Texas State Facts: 44 Informative Facts About Texas, Texas State Symbols

Last updated on July 5th, 2018

Texas is the 2nd most populous and the 2nd most extensive of the United States. It lies in the Northwestern United States. Texas attained statehood on December 29, 1845, becoming the 28th state to join the union. It has four (4) bordering states that include New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. See the full list of states and their borders here. Texas (nicknamed: The Lone Star State) has 254 counties. The state’s capital is Austin. With these facts about Texas, let us uncover some more information about its history, geography, economy, people and more.

1. Before the settlement of the Europeans in Texas, the land was home to Indians of Texas (Native American Tribes).[12]

2. Sam Houston was the first president of the Texas Republic. Sam Houston statue is the largest statue in America that is modeled after a real person. It is 67 feet tall. It was erected in 1994 with 30 tons of concrete and steel.[16]

3. The Texas State Fair is the largest in the U.S. It is estimated that almost 3.5 million people attended the fair in 2015.[17]

Texas on map with bordering states.
Texas on the map with bordering states.

4. Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of John F. Kennedy (the 35th President of the United States, shot dead on 22 November 1963) was arrested in Texas Theater in Texas. [18]

5. The Texas State Capitol Building is taller than the nation’s Capitol building and is the sixth tallest state capitol.[19]

6. Texas has the second highest number of professional sports teams. The only state that beats Texas in this regards is California.[24]

7. The highest national speed limit is observed in Texas on a stretch between San Antonia and Austin. Here it is allowed to drive up to 85 miles per hour.[20]

8. The Texas Rangers is the oldest statewide law enforcement agency in the U.S. it was established in 1823.[21]

9. Texas (695,662 km²) is about twice the size of Germany (357,376 km²).[12]

10. There are more than 1.5 million undocumented immigrants in Texas.[11]

11. The ballon-expendable stent that is used to unclog the blocked vascular vessels during coronary surgery was invented by Julio Palmaz at the University of Texas Health Science Center. The patent for the stent was awarded in 1985 and it was recognized as one of the “Ten patents that changed the world”.[25]

12. Dr Pepper Snapple Group is the oldest soft drink manufacturer in the U.S. The soft drink was invented by Charles Alderton in 1885. Dr Pepper is one of the top three soft drinks in the U.S. Coca-Cola was introduced in the market in 1886.[10]

13. In 1827, Seven Eleven opened its first chain in Dallas, Texas. It is also the first convenience store in the U.S. The chain was known as Tote’m Stores until it was renamed in 1946.[9]

14. Frozen Margarita was invented in Texas by Mariano Martinez in 1971.[8]

15. Two doctors namely Frank Gerow and Thomas Cronin are credited with the invention of breast implants. In 1962, the first of these implants were done on a women called Timmie Jean Lindsay.

16. The Highland Park Village in Texas is the first planned shopping centre in the U.S. It was constructed in 1931.[7]

17. Texas is the second most populous (after California) and second largest state in the U.S., after Alaska.[1]

18. The name Texas has originated from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.[1]

19. Less than 10% of Texas’ land area is desert.[1]

20. Texas in the earlier times was ruled by several nations including Spain, France and Mexico.[1]

21. Texas is the 28th state to join in the U.S. union.[1]

22. Prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil were the four industries that shaped the state’s economy.[1]

23. It is also a hot spot for the second largest group of fortune 500 companies in the U.S.

24. Rio Grande is the largest river in Texas.[1]

25. Rocks as old as 1600 million year old have been recognized in Texas.[1]

26. Texas has the largest state capitol building and the highest speed limit of any state (check stats here) [2]

27. The famous phrase “Don’t mess with Texas” was coined by an advertising agency that was made responsible with the task to help the state with its anti-litter campaign. In 1980s Texas spent a whopping $20 million a year on cleaning up trash along its highways. The slogan became popular and is since then an unofficial slogan for Texas pride.[2]

28. Austin, Texas was named after Stephen Austin, who established the state’s first American colony. Texas is named after the Indian word “Tejas” meaning “fiends” or “allies”.[3]

29. The state’s nickname the “Lone Star State” comes from the fact that it was once an independent country with its own single star flag.[3]

30. Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous states of the U.S. and the second largest overall, behind Alaska.[3]

31. Texas is the leading producer of oil, natural gas and sulfur in the country.[3]

32. Two of the United States presidents were born in Texas. Lyndon Johnson and Dwight Eisenhower.[3]

33. From north to south the state extends approximately 1600 kilometers and the same distance from east to west.[3]

34. Texas is generally divided into East and West. The eastern part of the state is known for cotton while the western part of the state is characterized by cattle ranching.[4]

35. The Astrodome, is the world’s first multi-purpose, domed sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas. It was opened on April 9, 1965.[13]

facts about Texas - The Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
The Astrodome in Houston, Texas. Image via – Flickr

36. Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda was the first European to visit Texas in 1915.[27]

37. Between 1836 and 1845, Texas was an independent nation. It is the only state to enter the United States by treat instead of territorial annexation.[5]

38. Six flags have flown over Texas (British, French, Mexican, Texan, United States, and Confederate).[5]

39. George W. Bush the ex-president of the United States of America (between 2001 and 2009), was the governor of Texas for two terms.[26]

George W. Bush 43rd president of the United States of America - the fact file
George W. Bush 43rd president of the United States of America.

40. Texas has more species of birds than any other state, which includes screech owls and hummingbirds.[6]

41. Texas has more cattle than any other state in the country.[23]

42. Texas also has one of the world’s largest wind-power-producing farms.[6]

43. With approximately 1.5 million Mexican free-tail bats, the Congress Avenue Bridge, in downtown Austin, is home to one of the largest urban bat colony in North America. Every night from mid-March to November, the bats come out from under the bridge at dusk to blanket the sky as they head out to forage for food.[15]

44. There were nearly 297,000 oils well in Texas as of February 2018.[14]

Texas – quick facts and state symbols

State AbbreviationTX
State CapitalAustin
List Of U.S. States And Their Capital
Largest cityHouston
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
(Estimate July 1, 2017 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodDecember 29, 1845
State rank by population2nd
State rank by date of fomation28th
State rank by area2nd
Number of Counties254
DemonymTexan, Texian, Tejano
Bordering StatesArkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Official LanguageNo Official
ReligionChristian - 77%
Unaffiliated - 18%
Nothing in particular - 13%
Highest PointGuadalupe Peak
8,751 ft (2667.4 m)
Lowest pointGulf of Mexico
Sea level
Length790 miles (1,270 km)
Width773 miles (1,244 km)
National ParksBig Bend National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
GovernorGreg Abbott (R)
Electoral Votes38
State MottoFriendship
State NicknameLone Star State
% Water2.5
Nobel Prize WinnersRobert Woodrow Wilson (Physics, 1978)
Bruce Merrifield (Chemistry, 1984)
E. Donnall Thomas (Physiology or Medicine, 1990)
Robert F. Curl Jr. (Chemistry, 1996)
Famous PeopleThurman Thomas (Football player),
Lyndon B. Johnson (36th President),
Greg Maddux (Pitcher. Inducted in 2014),
Sheryl Swoopes (Guard. Inducted in 2016),
Brian Leetch (Hockey player),
Robin Wright (Actress),
Beyonce (Singer)

State Folk DanceSquare dance
State Domino Game42
State Flower Song"Bluebonnets"
State Song"Texas, Our Texas"
State MusicWestern Swing
State Epic PoemLegend of Old Stone Ranch
State Rodeo Drill TeamGhostriders

State DinosaurPaluxysaurus jonesi

State Bluebonnet FestivalCappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival

State FishGuadalupe bass

State soilHouston Black

State FlagThe Lone Star Flag

Flag of Texas.svg

State sealSeal of Texas

Seal of Texas.svg

State coat of armsCoat of arms of Texas

State Arms of Texas.svg

State quarter

2004 TX Proof.png

State FlowerBluebonnet


State BirdMockingbird

Mimus-polyglottos-002 edit.jpg

State Gemstone cutLone star cut


State Flying MammalMexican free-tailed bat

Mexican Free-tailed Bat. Image Credit: Ron Groves, Public Domain. http://eol.org/data_objects/13144883
State Large MammalLonghorn

Texas Longhorn cow.jpg

State Small MammalArmadillo

State TreePecan


State InsectMonarch butterfly

Monarch In May.jpg

State GrassSideoats grama

Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg

State ReptileTexas horned lizard


State Tall ShipElissa

1877 Elissa  at  Galveston
State AmphibianTexas toad

Texas Toad, west Texas
State FruitTexas red grapefruit

Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit, pink) white bg.jpg

State Health NutPecan

Pecan nuts
VegetableSweet onion

Sweet Onions
State Bluebonnet CityEnnis

Ellis County Flowers
State CobblerPeach cobbler

Peach Cobbler
State Cooking ImplementCast iron Dutch oven

Dutch Oven -McClures Magazine.jpg

State CrustaceanTexas Gulf shrimp

Brown Shrimp
State DishChili

Bowl of Chili No Beans.jpg

State dogBlue Lacy

Blue lacy working.jpg

State Fiber and FabricCotton


State FootwearCowboy boot

Colourful Cowboy Boots
State HatCowboy hat

Stetsons for Sale
State HorseAmerican quarter horse

State Native PepperChiltepin

Cameron's Graduation
State Native ShrubTexas purple sage

Leucophyllum frutescens Green Cloud.jpg

State PiePecan pie

Deep Dish Pecan Pie
State PlantPrickly pear cactus

Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg

State PollinatorWestern honey bee

Honey Bee Sunrise
State Precious MetalSilver

Beautiful Silver Spoons...
State Sea TurtleKemp's ridley sea turtle

Tortuga lora
State ShellLightning whelk

Core Banks - Whelk - 1.JPG

State ShipU.S.S. Texas

USS Texas BB-35.jpg

State ShrubCrape myrtle

Lagerstroemia indica.jpg

State StonePetrified palmwood


State VehicleChuck wagon

Chuck Wagon basics
State WaterlilyNymphaea Texas dawn

'Texas Dawn' yellow waterlily with blue dragonfly  Water Lily Ponds, Longwood Gardens, 4 June 2013
State tartanTexas Bluebonnet Tartan

Texas Bluebonnet Tartan.svg

Longitude93° 31′ W to 106° 39′ W
Latitude25° 50′ N to 36° 30′ N
Time ZoneCentral Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Area Codes210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979
Data SourceWikipedia, 1KeyData.com
Table last updatedApril 07, 2018


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas
  2. https://www.history.com/news/9-things-you-may-not-know-about-texas
  3. http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/usaweb/snapshot/Texas.htm
  4. https://www.britannica.com/place/Texas-state
  5. https://awesomeamerica.com/texas/
  6. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/states/texas/#texas-alamo.jpg
  7. http://hpvillage.com/legacy/
  8. https://www.dallasnews.com/news/news/2011/05/10/frozen-margarita-machine-invented-in-dallas-40-years-ago-shook-up-tex-mex-history
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7-Eleven
  10. http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2010/02/dr-pepper-is-the-oldest-major-soft-drink-in-the-united-states/
  11. https://www.businessinsider.in/13-incredible-facts-about-Texas/DONT-MISS/slideshow/53828084.cms
  12. Bill O’Neill. The great book of Texas. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (March 5, 2018)
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrodome
  14. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/27/texas-sinkholes-oil-gas-scientists-report
  15. https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/austin-congress-bridge-bats
  16. https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/sam-houston-statue
  17. https://www.readers.com/blog/biggest-state-fairs/
  18. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_Theatre
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_State_Capitol
  20. http://houston.cbslocal.com/2012/09/07/texas-approves-highest-speed-limit-in-country-at-85-mph/
  21. http://www.texasranger.org/texas-ranger-museum/history/brief-history/
  22. https://www.famousbirthdays.com/birthplace/texas.html
  23. http://beef2live.com/story-ranking-states-cattle-0-108182
  24. http://www.city-data.com/forum/city-vs-city/1898090-states-number-sports-teams-nfl-mlb.html
  25. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julio_Palmaz
  26. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governorship_of_George_W._Bush
  27. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alonso_%C3%81lvarez_de_Pineda