55 Interesting Facts About Colorado That You Should Know

Last updated on September 13th, 2022

Interesting places in Colorado to visit

1. Rocky mountain national park is located in the spectacular mountainous region of north-central Colorado. It is flanked by Grand Lake on the west and Estes Park on the east. It is one of the most visited national parks in the USA with approximately 3 million people flocking to the park annually. 

2. Mesa Verde national park, located in Montezuma County, Colorado, is America’s premier archaeological wonder. It was established back in 1906 to interpret and preserve the archaeological heritage of the ancestral Pueblo community who had lived there for over 700 years. It houses many cliff dwellings and archaeological sites.

Glowing Garden of the Gods
Glowing Garden of the Gods. Image credit – Steve Pulver

3. Garden of the Gods is a public park located in Colorado Springs. It is a magical one stop that provides a fantastic aerial view of Colorado’s scenery that one wouldn’t catch a glimpse of otherwise. It was donated by Charles Elliot Perkins’ family to Colorado Springs. It is simply a touch of charming nature.

4. Durango and the Silverton Narrow Gauge Railway, often abbreviated as D&SNG, the railroad has been operational between Durango and Silverton since 1882. It was initially constructed to haul gold and silver but it slowly gained traction among passengers who realized that the ride offered a view of Colorado’s mountain splendour unlike its counterparts.

5. Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve is located in Alamosa, Southern Colorado and houses a vast diversity of sand dunes, mountains and meadows. It is home to USA’s tallest sand dunes. The park is spiced up by the Sangre de Cristo Mountains that are very impressive. What’s more, the amazing waterfall and wildlife.

6. Mount Evans is located in Clear Creek County and is a high-altitude rocky mountain peak. It accessible via a scenic byway, which is the highest paved road in North America. As you weave through, you’ll catch a glimpse at wildlife and once at the top, the spectacular view is all yours.

7. The Million Dollar Highway is a stretch of spectacular roadway between Silverton, Durango and Ouray. It is part of the San Juan Skyway. It extends for about 25 miles in western Colorado . It’s one of the most scenic drives in America.

hanging lake, Colorado.
Hanging Lake, Colorado. Image credit – Rob Lee

8. Hanging Lake is a spectacular gem located on the White River National Forest. The trail is steep, rocky and rigorous but very fulfilling. It has very attractive scenery not forgetting the gentle waterfalls.

9. Colfax Avenue is about 26.5 miles and runs between Golden Lakewood, Denver and Aurora. It is a full swing commercial route, making it the longest street of its kind in state. Despite its infamous past, it has risen to be an entertainment galore with its brimming history and glorious eats.

10. Glenwood Springs also referred to as Colorado’s Land of Water, sits easy at the confluence of the Colorado and Roaring Fork rivers, is a popular destination world over and is known for its great hot-springs amenities. It is simply where hot springs meet year-round outdoor adventures.

11. Leadville is the statutory city located in Lake County. It has many foot peaks viewable from the town. It’s rarefied and incredible scenery are the most welcoming of its features.

12. Rocky Ford is a statutory city in Otero County. It is located around 50 miles southeast of Pueblo. It is an agricultural town famous for cantaloupes and watermelons that are shipped nationwide. The town hosts the annual Arkansas Valley Fair which celebrates culture diversity as well as the outstanding agricultural community.

13. The SuperMax prison, often called the “Alcatraz of the Rockies” due to how secure it is, is located in Florence, Colorado. It is home to the world’s most dangerous criminals including El Chapo. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons.

The Cog Railway to Pike's Peak.
The Cog Railway to Pike’s Peak. Image credit – Shantanu Shah

14. Pikes Peak Cog Railway is a rack system cog railway that is 8.9 miles long and climbs the popular mountain Pikes Peak. The base station is in Manitou Springs with the world’s highest cog train taking families up to the 14,110 foot summit of the mountain.

Colorado – Quick Facts and State Symbols

State AbbreviationCO
State CapitalDenver
Largest CityDenver
State SizeTotal (Land + Water): 104,094 sq miles; Land Only: 103,718 sq miles
5,877,610 (Estimate July 1, 2023 from United States Census Bureau)
StatehoodAugust 1, 1876
State rank by population21st
State rank by date of formation38th
State rank by area8th
Number of Counties64
Complete list of 50 states and number of counties in each
Bordering StatesArizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
Official LanguageNone
Highest PointMount Elbert in Lake County
Lowest pointArikaree River at the Kansas border
3,317 ft (1011 m)
Mean elevation6,800 feet above sea level
Length 280 miles (450 km)
Width380 miles (610 km)
GovernorJared Polis (D)
Lieutenant GovernorDianne Primavera (D)
Electoral Votes9
State MottoNil sine numine (Nothing without the Deity)
State NicknameCentennial State
% Water0.36%
Nobel Prize WinnersEdward Tatum (Physiology or Medicine, 1958)
Willard F. Libby (Chemistry, 1960)
John L. Hall (Physics, 2005)
Famous peopleDutch Clark (Pro Football player)
Rich Gossage (Baseball player)
AnnaSophia Robb
ReptileWestern painted turtle
State FossilStegosaurus
AmphibianWestern tiger salamander
State fishGreenback cutthroat trout
State mammalRocky Mountain bighorn sheep
State BirdLark bunting
PetColorado shelter pets
CactusClaret cup cactus
State TreeColorado blue spruce
State Insect
Colorado hairstreak butterfly
Longitude102°03'W to 109°03'W
Latitude37°N to 41°N
Time ZoneMountain Time Zone
Area Codes303,719,720,970
Table last updatedDecember 21, 2023